by acsgn_admin

CyberTaipan is an Australian competition that is modelled on the US Air Force Association’s CyberPatriot program. This program has been running successfully for 11 years and has already expanded into Canada as CyberTitan, the UK as CyberCenturion and Saudi Arabia as CyberArabia.

The competition puts teams of high school students in the position of newly hired IT professionals tasked with managing the network of a small company.

Through several rounds of competition, teams are provided a set of virtual images that represent operating systems. Over a six-hour period, teams are tasked with finding cyber security vulnerabilities within the images and hardening the system while maintaining critical services. Teams compete for the top placement within their state or territory and the chance to compete in the National Finals Competition.

CyberTaipan is open to anyone in years 7-12 with an interest in cyber, defence, puzzles and code breaking.

To take part, all you need is a team (which must meet our definition in the rules) and to register to play.

Why Challenges are important

Cyber security challenges are a gamified way for learners to develop and test their practical skills. Through immersion in real-world scenarios, students gain practical experience in what it is like to operate as a cyber security practitioner in the workplace.

Challenges are a great way for students to develop a range of valuable skills including:  

  • Technical cyber security and network defence abilities
  • Teamwork and professional communication skills
  • Research and planning methodologies   
  • Critical thinking and risk management techniques
  • Creative thinking, curiosity and resourcefulness
  • Adaptability and change management
  • Troubleshooting and remaining calm under pressure


CyberTaipan is the National Youth Cyber Education Program for Australian high school students.  The competition puts teams of years 7-12 students in the position of newly hired IT professionals tasked with managing the network of a small company. In the rounds of competition, teams are given a set of virtual images that represent operating systems. Over a six hour period teams are tasked with finding cyber security vulnerabilities within the images and hardening the system while maintaining critical services.  Teams compete for the top placement within their state or territory. Winners have the chance to compete in a National Finals Competition.

How does the competition work?

Each team must play a series of online qualifying rounds, which will challenge them to learn about networking, cyber defence and cyber security. If the team scores higher than most of the other competing teams on the leader board, then they will be invited to play in the National Finals, a face-to-face competition which determines the ultimate champion team for the year.

All rounds of competition in CyberTaipan, with the exception of the National Finals Competition, take place online. Teams may compete from any location; many participate at their school, organisation, or public library. Competitions take place at specified times throughout the school year. Teams must complete all their work during one six consecutive-hour period on the scheduled days of the competition window. They may only have one instance of an image open at a time. 

Many of these steps are illustrated in this CyberPatriot instructional video.

Before the round

  • Train: Teams should start training for the competition as soon as they can before the first round. Teams should rely on their Technical Mentors to receive more advanced training. Archived training materials are available on the public site of the CyberPatriot website. Additional materials for the CyberTaipan competition will be made available to Team Coaches directly.
  • Prepare: All teams should make sure that they have the hardware, software, and network capabilities required to compete successfully. As the goal of the program is to have as many teams as possible competing, technical requirements are kept to a minimum. Technical specifications can be found below.
  • Download: About a week before the competition begins, the CyberTaipan Program Office sends an e​mail with round instructions and links to download the virtual machine images (operating systems that can be played on top of other operating systems). These files are very large and should be downloaded well before a team is ready to compete. Teams also verify that their download was successful before the round begins. There will usually be two or three images per round.

During the round

  • Extract: In the morning of the competition window period, teams receive an email with the password to extract the virtual machine images from their downloads. After doing so, they can load the images in VMware Player and begin competing.
  • Identify: When the images are opened, teams are prompted to enter a Team ID. This is a 10-digit alphanumeric code that is assigned to teams and delivered to them along with the extraction password.
  • Fix: The goal of every CyberTaipan competition is to find and fix vulnerabilities in their images. These images range from simple (e.g. giving users strong passwords) to much more complex. Teams can also gain points by answering questions about their actions on the image.
  • Score:   When teams fix a vulnerability that is being checked, they receive points. If they take an action that makes a system less secure, they lose points. Teams can also gain points by answering forensics questions about actions they took to solve their vulnerabilities. Teams can check on their progress at any time on their score report page.
  • Compare: A live scoreboard is available for teams to see how they stack up against others in the country. These scores are unofficial and undergo review by CyberTaipan staff following the competition.
  • Ask: CyberTaipan staff are available to answer technical support questions during the round by chat and by phone during peak competition hours. Instructions for accessing the tech support chat are sent to teams at the beginning of each round. Teams may not ask questions about vulnerabilities during the technical chats.

After the round

Delete: All virtual machine images should be deleted after the round is over to maintain the integrity of the competition.

Wait:  CyberTaipan staff review all the scores following the competition and releases official scores and standings to teams as soon as practicable after the round is over.

Celebrate: Whether or not your team makes it to the National Finals Competition, all competing students should be incredibly proud of themselves! They have learnt invaluable skills and hopefully discovered exciting education and career pathways they were not aware of before.     

Team organisation

​​CyberTaipan teams consist of the following team members:


CyberTaipan Coaches are the backbone of the competition. CyberTaipan requires an adult to register as a team Coach before any students are permitted to register or compete. Coaches are adults (e.g. teachers, parents, staff members) approved by a participating school or educational organisation to act as the administrative lead of a CyberTaipan team. Having one, and only one, adult Coach of record for each team is a non-negotiable requirement.

Coaches DO NOT need to be technically savvy, as teams are welcome to work with Technical Mentors as described below, but all Coaches are responsible for the following:

  • Ensuring competitor safety by controlling access to minors, following legal and school requirements, and adequately supervising students during practice rounds and all rounds of competition.
  • Protecting the competitions integrity by ensuring students receive no assistance from Mentors, Team Assistants, or anyone else during competition rounds. Coaches are also responsible for upholding the rules, time limits, and download limits as outlined in the CyberTaipan Rule Book.​
  • Acting as the CyberTaipan Program Office’s main point of contact for the team. Preparation emails for each round of competition, as well as the links to download competition images, are only sent to Coaches. The role of official point of contact may not be delegated to a Mentor. Additionally, should we need to contact a team about score discrepancies, registration issues, or any other competition matters, we will use the information on file for the team’s Coach. All CyberTaipan Coaches should therefore ensure that they are capable of receiving messages from, which may be blocked by school firewalls.


Each CyberTaipan team must consist of between two and six competitors enrolled in the participating school, organisation or community group. While up to six students are permitted on each team’s roster, a maximum of five students are permitted to compete at any one time during a competition round. The competitor not competing may act as a substitute, and cannot assist the active competitors. 

A Competitor shall compete on only one team during a CyberTaipan season. To be a Competitor, students must be over the age of 12 and under the age of 18 on or before the registration deadline.

Technical mentor(s)

Technical Mentors are IT​​-experienced individuals who volunteer their time to teach cyber defence skills and cyber ethics to CyberTaipan teams. All Mentors are required to register on the CyberTaipan website and successfully complete a Working with Vulnerable People check before being added to the list of approved Mentors (Minimum age: 18).

Mentors must not teach hacking skills or offensive cyber tactics to Competitors, and meet with a team only with the Coach’s approval. One or more registered Mentors may be chosen by a Coach to assist in training his or her CyberTaipan team(s). Teams are not required to have a Mentor. CyberTaipan Mentors are welcome to assist multiple teams. There is no minimum time commitment for Mentors. For example, a Mentor can volunteer on a guest lecture basis or commit to training a team throughout the competition season. Suggested responsibilities include the following:

  • Advising the team’s Coach on skills
  • Developing, with the Coach’s guidance, a plan to teach cyber defence skills and
  • Teaching and assisting Competitors with cyber defence skills and

Team assistant(s)

Team Assistants are adult volunteers who provide non-technical support and encouragement to the team, such as assisting with scheduling, set-up, snacks, and transportation. Team Assistants are required to register on the CyberTaipan website and successfully complete a Working with Vulnerable People check before being added to the list of approved Assistants.

Team rules

CyberTaipan is a fun competition that brings together people with different skills from diverse backgrounds. There are a few rules that teams must follow:

  • The competition is played by teams of two to five students, with an optional reserve player
  • Each team must include a responsible adult (over 18) as the contact between the organisers and the participants (the Coach)
  • Every team participant must be aged 12-18 years during the entirety of the competition (until March 2019).
  • CyberTaipan is closed to university teams. Cyber Security Challenge Australia (CysCA) offers alternative competitions for university students, click here for more information
  • While the 2018-19 pilot is being initially launched in the Australian Capital Territory and Victoria, anyone in the Australia that meets the age requirements, has the correct team format (including a Coach) and the $200 registration fee is welcome to participate.

A copy of the complete competition rules book can be downloaded here.


The goal of CyberTaipan is to have as many teams as possible take part in the competition. We understand that some schools and organisations do not have as much access to equipment as others, so technical specifications have been kept to a minimum. In every round except the National Finals competition, teams can participate from any location. Many teams participate at their school, their organisational headquarters (e.g scout hall), or a library.


Teams using 32-bit host computers or operating systems will have compatibility issues with the CyberTaipan competition software and VMWare Workstation Player 12.5.7 and higher versions. Issues resulting from the use of 32-bit systems will not be grounds for special consideration. Speak now to your relevant school IT administrator to plan how you can successfully compete in CyberTaipan.  

If you have any questions concerning 64-bit system requirements or need help please read the hardware and software requirements below or contact the CyberTaipan Program Office at

To determine if your Windows operating system is 64-bit either:

  1. Go to Control Panel and Click the System icon – OR –
  2. ​Click the Start or Windows button
    • Right click on the Computer or This PC icon
    • Click Properties

In either case, the System screen appears. In the System section of the screen your system type will be identified like this:

System type:    64-bit Operating System (or something similar)

Hardware requirements

The following are the hardware requirements for CyberTaipan. It is recommended that teams use one host machine for each image in a round. If teams do not have access to enough host machines, it is recommended that they do not run more than one image on a single machine at one time. If they do so, these specifications will be inadequate.

  • 64-bit x86 Intel Core 2 Duo Processor or equivalent, OR AMD Athlon™ 64 FX Dual Core
  • 1.3 GHz or faster core speed with virtualization technology/extensions ENABLED in BIOS
  • 4 GB of RAM minimum / 8 GB of RAM recommended
  • 40 GB of free disk space
  • XGA (1024×768) or higher display/1280×1024 recommended

NOTE: Some competition images will not work with the virtual technology disabled in the BIOS.

In order to participate in CyberTaipan, a host system must be able to run VMware Workstation Player 12.5.7 and higher versions on their host systems. VMware Workstation Player 12.5.7 is free software that runs on 64-bit host operating system.  Some host systems will appear to conform to the above requirements but are still unable to run VMware Player 12.5.7. If you are not sure whether your system is capable of running the software, please refer to the VMware Workstation Player Documentation.

Software requirements

  • Operating Systems. 64-Bit Windows 7or later.  Must be capable of running VMWare Workstation Player 12.5.7 or later.  Other operating systems such as Apple Mac Operating Systems and Linux Operating Systems may be used at the team’s own risk, but issues resulting from their use (e.g., the image does not open, image locks up, score checks do not work, etc.), are not grounds for appeal or special consideration. Teams with Mac and other non-Windows operating systems should have at least one Windows computer that meets technical specifications for the competition.
  • CyberTaipan Competition System (CCS) Connection Test
    • Used to check network connections to the scoring server without using an image.


Used for verifying the checksum of the images to ensure that they have been fully downloaded

Install guide


Used for unzipping the images after they have been downloaded

Install guide

VMware Workstation Player 12.5.7 or later for Windows

Used to play the images after they have been unzipped

How to open a virtual machine image

VMware Workstation Player 12.5.7 is free software that runs on 64-bit host operating system. The official version of VMware Workstation Player will be announced before the competition season because updates made by VMware may provide better compatibility. Earlier versions of VMware Player are available, but issues stemming from the use of these versions are not grounds for appeal.

Notes on competing with Apple MAC operating systems

Due to the paid nature of VMware Fusion and the limited number of teams using Mac systems, the CyberTaipan Program Office does not test or provide support for this software or other Apple Mac software.

Teams using Apple Mac computers should have a Windows computer available during the competition in case there is a compatibility issue with the software. The Windows computer must meet technical specifications listed on this page to be compatible with the CyberTaipan software.

Issues stemming from the use of Apple Mac software, Fusion, or other Apple Mac software are not grounds for appeal or special consideration. If you have access only to Apple computers, please see this unofficial guide from a CyberPatriot Coach for advice on how to participate in the competition: CyberPatriot Mac Guide.

BIOS and virtual extension requirements

Virtual extensions or similar settings must be enabled in the host computer BIOS if the VMware Workstation Player fails to function correctly.  

Website access requirements

The minimal website access required to participate in CyberTaipan is listed below.  The website access list is not all-inclusive and does not include research and updates for applications.

Website                               Reason for Access         Competition Information, Timetable, Leaderboard         Information on Windows OS and Updates            VMware software required to compete                 7-Zip compression software is required to compete         Ubuntu software updates             Ubuntu information        MD5 checksum required to test competition file integrity          Links to competition information

Search Engine                  Google, Bing, etc. for research and to find updates

Web Browsers                 Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, etc. for updates, etc.

Network requirements

CyberTaipan requires a DSL or faster network connection. Speed of the network will affect the responsiveness of the scoring notification sounds (scoring servers are located in the US and therefore there is a small 1-2 minute delay in images outputting notification sounds when earning competition points). The most common difficulty encountered by teams during competition is having their traffic blocked by a school firewall, filter, or proxy server. All teams will need unrestricted access to HTTP on Port 80 to participate in CyberTaipan. If your school has restrictions on access through Port 80, please contact the CyberTaipan Program Office at

If network issues do arise, teams should first contact the IT administrator for their network. The CyberTaipan Program Office can then work with these individuals to determine other methods of allowing teams to access the scoring server from their location.


Check back for details on prizes closer to the competition launch!  

We are currently working with partners on potential prizes – if you are interested in supporting CyberTaipan, please get in touch via our partners page.

Participation in CyberTaipan is also a great experience to include on your resume and may assist with securing work experience and employment opportunities.


A valid Working with Children Check is required for all Coaches, Assistants and Technical Mentors. Legislation around these checks are slightly different in every state. You may know this check as a ‘Working with Vulnerable People Registration’ (ACT), or a ‘Blue Card’ (QLD). Information on these checks and the requirements needed to fulfil them can be found on the Australian Institute of Family Studies website.


For more information about CyberTaipan and AustCyber’s other Cyber Security Challenges email us at:

For information about AustCyber’s other activities, contact us here